John Deere LX280, LX280AWS and LX289 Garden Tractors Service Manual TM-2046

John Deere LX280, LX280AWS and LX289 Garden Tractors Service Manual TM-2046

$30.00

John Deere LX280, LX280AWS and LX289 Garden Tractors Service Manual TM-2046

See pictures for the table of content.

Language: English
Format: PDF
Service manual: 446 Pages
Operator’s manual: 84 Pages

Models covered:
LX280 Garden Tractors,
LX280AWS Garden Tractors,
LX289 Garden Tractors.

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Description

John Deere LX280, LX280AWS and LX289 Garden Tractors Service Manual TM-2046

See pictures for the table of content.

Language: English
Type: Tractors
Format: PDF
Service manual: 446 Pages (TM-2046)
Operator’s manual: 84 Pages ( OMM152799)

Models covered:
LX280 Garden Tractors,
LX280AWS Garden Tractors,
LX289 Garden Tractors.

Service Manuals for actual service

Service Manuals are concise service guides for a specific machine and are on-the-job guides containing only the vital information needed by a technician.

This Service Manual includes repair and maintenance information, detailed description of service and troubleshoot procedures, installation instructions, special instructions, other additional information for John Deere LX280, LX280AWS and LX289 Garden Tractors.

This manual includes illustrations like pictures and diagrams which you can help you determine the installation location spare parts, etc.

Using Your Operator s Manual
This manual is an important part of your machine and should remain with the machine when you sell it.

Reading your operator s manual will help you and others avoid personal injury or damage to the machine.
Information given in this manual will provide the operator with the safest and most effective use of the machine.
Knowing how to operate this machine safely and correctly will allow you to train others who may operate this machine.

If you have an attachment, use the safety and operating information in the attachment operator s manual along with
the machine operator s manual to operate the attachment safely and correctly.

John Deere LX280, LX280AWS and LX289 Garden Tractors Service Manual TM-2046 Contents:
Safety
Specifications and Information
Engine – FD501V
Engine – FH580V
Electrical
Power Train
Steering
Attachments
Miscellaneous

We offer a wide range of manuals for different Brands be sure to check our collections.

You can also buy the John Deere LX280, LX280AWS and LX289 item at our Sellfy Store:
https://sellfy.com/p/Ro6z/

Table of Contents

SPECIFICATIONS & INFORMATION
Fastener Torques……………………………………….9
Metric Fastener Torque Values ………………….9
Inch Fastener Torque Values …………………..10
O-Ring Seal Service………………………………….11
Face Seal Fittings With Inch
Stud Ends Torque ………………………………….11
Face Seal Fittings With Metric
Stud Ends Torque ………………………………….12
O-ring Face Seal Fittings…………………………13
O-Ring Boss Fittings ………………………………13
Straight Fitting or Special Nut Torques ……..14
Metric Fastener Torque Value –
Grade 7 (Special) …………………………………..14
General Information………………………………….14
Gasoline ……………………………………………….14
Gasoline Storage……………………………………15
4 – Cycle Gasoline Engine Oil ………………….15
Break-In Engine Oil – 4-Cycle Gasoline……..15
Hydrostatic Transmission and
Hydraulic Oil ………………………………………….16
Oil Filters ………………………………………………16
Alternative Lubricants……………………………..16
Synthetic Lubricants ……………………………….16
Lubricant Storage …………………………………..16
Mixing of Lubricants ……………………………….17
Coolant Specifications……………………………..17
Gasoline Engine Coolant…………………………17
Gasoline Engine Coolant Drain Interval …….17
Serial Number Locations ………………………….18
Product Serial Number ……………………………18
Gasoline Engine Serial Number Location ….18

ENGINE – KAWASAKI (LIQUID-COOLED)

Specifications ………………………………………….21
General Specifications ……………………………21
Test and Adjustment Specifications ………….21
Repair Specifications………………………………22
Torque Specifications (Alphabetical) …………24
Tools and Materials ………………………………….25
Special or Essential Tools ……………………….25
Service Parts Kits …………………………………..26
Component Location………………………………..27
Exterior Engine Components …………………..27
Internal Engine Components……………………29
Theory of Operation …………………………………31
Lubrication System Operation………………….31
Cooling System Operation ………………………33
Diagnostics ……………………………………………..35
Engine Diagnosis …………………………………..35
Engine Tests …………………………………………38
Tests and Adjustments …………………………….41
Throttle Cable Test and Adjustment ………….41
Choke Cable Adjustment…………………………41
Governor Static Adjustment …………………….42
Fast Idle Speed Adjustment …………………….42
Slow Idle Speed Adjustment ……………………43
Cylinder Compression Pressure Test………..43
Valve Clearance Test and Adjustment ………44
Crankcase Vacuum Test …………………………45
Engine Oil Pressure Test ………………………..45
Fuel Pump Tests ……………………………………46
Spark Test …………………………………………….47
Spark Plug Gap Adjustment …………………….47
Cooling System Pressure Test …………………48
Radiator Cap Pressure Test …………………….48
Repair………………………………………………………49
Throttle Control Lever and
Cable Assembly …………………………………….49
Muffler Removal and Installation………………49
Engine Removal and Installation………………50
Air Cleaner ……………………………………………52
Carburetor Removal and Installation…………52
Intake Manifold ………………………………………56
Fuel Pump…………………………………………….56
Radiator Removal and Installation ……………57
Cooling Fan …………………………………………..58
Cooling Air Duct …………………………………….58

Thermostat…………………………………………… 59
Coolant Pump………………………………………. 59
Overflow Reservoir ……………………………….. 61
Flywheel Removal and Installation ………….. 61
Rocker Arm Assembly …………………………… 61
Cylinder Head and Valves ……………………… 62
Recondition Valve Seats………………………… 64
Lap Valves…………………………………………… 65
Crankcase Cover ………………………………….. 65
Piston and Connecting Rod……………………. 66
Camshaft and Tappets ………………………….. 69
Crankshaft and Main Bearings ……………….. 70
Crankshaft Oil Seals……………………………… 71
Cylinder Block………………………………………. 72
Deglaze Cylinder Bore…………………………… 72
Rebore Cylinder Block…………………………… 72
Oil Pump……………………………………………… 73
Breather………………………………………………. 75
Governor……………………………………………… 75
Governor Shaft …………………………………….. 76
Governor Shaft Seal ……………………………… 76
Stator Removal and Installation………………. 76
Pulser Coils………………………………………….. 76
Ignition Coils ………………………………………… 77
Ignition Module Replacement …………………. 77
Starting Motor ………………………………………. 77
No-Load Amperage Draw and RPM Test …. 79

ENGINE – KAWASAKI (AIR-COOLED)

Specifications ………………………………………….83
General Specifications ……………………………83
Test and Adjustment Specifications ………….83
Repair Specifications………………………………84
Torque Specifications……………………………..86
Tools and Materials ………………………………….88
Tools…………………………………………………….88
Other Materials………………………………………89
Service Parts Kits …………………………………..89
Component Location………………………………..90
Engine Components……………………………….90
Engine Oil Flow Chart …………………………….91
Carburetor Components………………………….92
Theory of Operation …………………………………93
Lubrication System Operation………………….93
Diagnostics ……………………………………………..94
Engine Troubleshooting Guide…………………94
Starting Motor Troubleshooting Guide ………95
Tests and Adjustments …………………………….96
Throttle Cable Adjustment ……………………….96
Choke Cable Adjustment…………………………96
Choke Plate Check and Adjustment …………97
Governor Adjustment ……………………………..98
Slow Idle Speed Adjustment ……………………98
Fast Idle Speed Adjustment …………………….99
Valve Clearance Check and
Adjustment ………………………………………….100
Cylinder Compression Pressure Test………101
Crankcase Vacuum Test ……………………….101
Engine Oil Pressure Test ………………………102
Fuel Pump Test ……………………………………103
Spark Test …………………………………………..104
Spark Plug Gap Adjustment …………………..104
Ignition Coil Air Gap Adjustment …………….105
Repair…………………………………………………….105
Throttle Control Lever and Cable ……………105
Muffler Removal and Installation …………….105
Air Cleaner Assembly Removal………………106
Carburetor Removal and Installation……….107
Carburetor Disassembly and Assembly …..108
Fuel Pump Replacement ……………………….109
Blower Housing Removal and
Installation …………………………………………..109
Flywheel Removal and Installation………….110

Breather Removal and Installation…………. 110
Engine Removal and Installation …………… 111
Rocker Arm Removal and Installation ……. 113
Cylinder Head Removal and Installation…. 113
Cylinder Head Inspection……………………… 115
Recondition Valve Seats………………………. 116
Lap Valves…………………………………………. 117
Crankcase Cover
Removal and Installation ……………………… 117
Piston and Connecting Rod………………….. 118
Analyze Crankshaft and
Connecting Rod Wear …………………………. 122
Camshaft and Tappets ………………………… 122
Crankshaft and Main Bearings ……………… 124
Crankshaft Oil Seals……………………………. 125
Deglaze Cylinder Bore…………………………. 126
Resize Cylinder Bore…………………………… 126
Oil Pump Disassembly and Assembly……. 127
Oil Filter Manifold………………………………… 128
Governor Inspection and Replacement ….. 128
Governor Shaft Inspection and
Replacement………………………………………. 129
Stator Removal and Installation…………….. 129
Armature Removal and Installation………… 129
Starting Motor
Removal and Installation ……………………… 130
Starting Motor
Disassembly and Assembly………………….. 131
No-Load Amperage Draw and RPM Test .. 133

ELECTRICAL

General Information………………………………..137
Reading Electrical Schematics……………….137
Theory of Operation Information …………….138
Diagnostic Information…………………………..138
Wire Color Abbreviation Chart………………..138
Common Circuit Tests…………………………..139
Conductors for 12 Volt Circuits……………….139
Specifications ………………………………………..140
General Specifications ………………………….140
Tools…………………………………………………..141
Schematics and Wiring Harness Legends .142
Schematic and Wiring Harness
Legend – LX280……………………………………142
Schematic and Wiring Harness
Legend – LX289……………………………………143
Component Location………………………………144
Electrical Components ………………………….144
Schematics and Harnesses …………………….145
LX280 (FH580V) Main
Electrical Schematic ……………………………..145
LX289 (FD501V) Main
Electrical Schematic ……………………………..149
Main Wiring Harness – All Machines ……….153
LX280 and LX289 Main Wiring
Harness Color Codes ……………………………155
LX280 (FH580V) Engine Wiring
Harnesses …………………………………………..156
LX289 (FD501V) Engine Wiring
Harnesses …………………………………………..157
W6 PTO Clutch Wiring Harness……………..159
W7 Headlight Wiring Harness ………………..159
Theory of Operation ……………………………….160
Power Circuit Operation ………………………..160
Switched Power Circuit …………………………160
Power Circuit Schematic ……………………….161
Power Circuit Diagnosis ………………………..162
Cranking Circuit Operation…………………….165
Cranking Circuit Schematic ……………………166
Cranking Circuit Diagnosis …………………….167
Ignition Circuit Operation – LX280 …………..170
Engine Shutting OFF – LX280 ………………..170
Ignition Circuit Schematic – LX280 ………….171
Ignition Circuit Diagnosis – LX280 …………..172
Ignition Circuit Operation – LX289 …………..175

Shutting Engine Off – LX289…………………. 175
Ignition Circuit Schematic – LX289…………. 176
Ignition Circuit Diagnosis – LX289………….. 177
Charging Circuit Operation …………………… 181
Charging Circuit Schematic ………………….. 182
Charging Circuit Diagnosis …………………… 183
PTO Circuit Operation – PTO Off …………… 186
PTO Circuit Schematic – PTO Off ………….. 187
PTO Circuit Operation – PTO On…………… 188
PTO Circuit Schematic – PTO On………….. 189
PTO Circuit Diagnosis …………………………. 190
Reverse Implement Option (RIO)
Circuit Operation…………………………………. 194
RIO Circuit Schematic …………………………. 195
RIO Circuit Diagnosis ………………………….. 196
Low Oil Pressure Light
Circuit Operation…………………………………. 199
Low Oil Pressure Schematic…………………. 200
Low Oil Pressure Circuit Diagnosis ……….. 201
Headlight Circuit Operation…………………… 203
Headlight Circuit Schematic………………….. 204
Headlight Circuit Diagnosis…………………… 205
Fuel Shutoff Solenoid Circuit Operation …. 207
Fuel Shutoff Solenoid
Circuit Schematic………………………………… 208
Fuel Shutoff Solenoid Circuit Diagnosis …. 209
Coolant Temperature Light
Circuit Operation – LX289 …………………….. 212
Coolant Temperature Light
Circuit Schematic – LX289 ……………………. 213
Coolant Temperature Light
Circuit Diagnosis…………………………………. 214
Tests and Adjustments …………………………. 216
Common Circuit Tests …………………………. 216
Ground Circuit Test……………………………… 216
Battery Voltage and
Specific Gravity Test……………………………. 217
Battery – Charge …………………………………. 218
Battery – Load Test ……………………………… 218
Regulated Amperage Test……………………. 219
Regulated Voltage Test ……………………….. 219
Unregulated Voltage Output Test ………….. 220
Regulator/Rectifier Test ……………………….. 220
Flywheel Magnet Test………………………….. 221
Starting Motor Solenoid Test ………………… 221
Starter Loaded Amperage Draw Test …….. 222
Starting Motor No-Load Amperage &
RPM Tests…………………………………………. 222

Ignition Coil Test – LX280………………………223
Armature Air Gap Adjustment ………………..224
Ignition Module Test – LX289 …………………224
Ignition Coil Test – LX289………………………224
Pulser Coil Test – LX289 ……………………….225
Spark Plug Cap Test – LX289…………………226
Light Switch Test ………………………………….226
PTO/RIP Switch Test ……………………………227
Seat Switch Test ………………………………….227
RIO Switch Test …………………………………..228
Brake/Neutral Start Switch Test ……………..228
Fuel Shutoff Solenoid Switch Test ………….229
Oil Pressure Switch Test ……………………….229
Coolant Temperature Switch
Test – LX289………………………………………..230
RIO Switch Adjustment …………………………230
Electric PTO Clutch Test ……………………….231
Repair…………………………………………………….233
Electric Clutch
Removal and Installation……………………….233
Connector Body – Blade Terminals …………234
Metripack? Connector…………………………..234
Starting Motor………………………………………236
Kawasaki FD501V Engine –
Starting Motor………………………………………236
Kawasaki FH580V Engine –
Starting Motor………………………………………239

POWER TRAIN – HYDROSTATIC

Specifications ………………………………………..245
General Specifications ………………………….245
Tests and Adjustments Specifications……..245
Repair Specifications…………………………….245
Torque Specifications……………………………246
Tools and Materials ………………………………..246
Other Materials…………………………………….246
Component Location………………………………247
Transaxle Case Halves …………………………247
Center Case and Valves ………………………248
Motor and Piston Pump…………………………249
Control Shaft ……………………………………….251
Reduction Gears, Differential, and Axles …253
Brake …………………………………………………254
Belt Drive and Idlers – 2WS……………………255
Belt Drive and Idlers – AWS……………………256
Brake Pedal and Linkage ……………………..257
Forward and Reverse/Cruise
Control Linkage ……………………………………258
Forward and Reverse Pedals and
Linkage (Exploded View)……………………….259
Cruise Control Lever and Linkage
(Exploded View) …………………………………..261
Rear Axle – AWS ………………………………….262
Theory of Operation ……………………………….263
Controls and Linkage Operation……………..263
Foot Control – Neutral Position ……………….263
Foot Control – Forward (Maximum) …………263
Foot Control – Neutral ……………………………264
Foot Control – Forward (Maximum) …………264
Foot Control – Reverse (Maximum) …………265
Brake Depressed – Maximum…………………265
Brake Linkage ……………………………………..265
Foot Control – Reverse (Maximum) …………266
Brake Depressed – Maximum…………………266
Cruise Control ……………………………………..267
Cruise Control – Off Position…………………..268
Cruise Control – Maximum
Speed Position …………………………………….268
Hand Control ……………………………………….269
Hand Control – Neutral ………………………….269
Hand Control – Forward…………………………270
Hand Control – Reverse…………………………270
Hydrostatic System Operation………………..271

Gear Power Flow………………………………… 273
Transaxle Brake………………………………….. 274
Diagnostics…………………………………………… 275
Machine Will Not Move
Forward or Reverse…………………………….. 275
Noisy Operation………………………………….. 279
Machine Creeps………………………………….. 281
Machine Moves In One Direction Only …… 283
Erratic Speed……………………………………… 284
Machine Does Not Achieve Full
Ground Speed ……………………………………. 286
Park Brake Does Not Hold
Machine On Hill ………………………………….. 288
Brake Switch Will Not Engage………………. 290
Cruise Control Does Not
Maintain Ground Speed……………………….. 292
Transaxle Whines When Brake Is Used…. 293
Tests and Adjustments …………………………. 294
Hydrostatic Transaxle
Bleeding Procedure …………………………….. 294
Neutral Creep Adjustment ……………………. 294
Forward and Reverse Pedal
Height Adjustment ………………………………. 295
Hand Lever Rod Adjustment…………………. 296
Brake Linkage Adjustment……………………. 296
Neutral Return Arm Bearing
Adjustment…………………………………………. 297
Cruise/Hand Control Lever
Tension Adjustment …………………………….. 297
Repair…………………………………………………… 298
Transaxle Removal and
Installation – 2WS Models…………………….. 298
Transaxle Removal and
Installation – AWS Models…………………….. 304
Transaxle Disassembly………………………… 310
Center Case Removal …………………………. 313
Center Case Disassembly ……………………. 315
Pump Shaft Removal…………………………… 315
Control Shaft Removal…………………………. 316
Brake Shaft Removal…………………………… 317
Transaxle Assembly ……………………………. 318
Traction Drive Belt
Removal and Installation ……………………… 325
Traction Drive Belt
Tensioner Assembly ……………………………. 328
Control Pedals and Linkage………………….. 329
Intermediate Shaft ………………………………. 329
Neutral Return Arm……………………………… 330

Cruise Control Lever (2WS Model) …………331
Cruise Control Lever (AWS Model) …………332
Hand Control Lever (2WS Model) …………..334
Hand Control Lever (AWS Model) …………..334
Brake Pedal and Linkage ………………………336
Brake Rod Removal and Installation ……….337

STEERING
Specifications ………………………………………..341
LX280 and LX289 2 Wheel
Steering (2WS)…………………………………….341
LX280 All Wheel Steering (AWS) ……………341
Repair Specifications…………………………….342
Tools and Materials ………………………………..342
Service Equipment and Tools ………………..342
Other Materials…………………………………….342
Component Location………………………………343
Steering Wheel – 2WS…………………………..343
Front Axle – 2WS………………………………….344
Steering Components – AWS …………………345
Steering Wheel – AWS ………………………….346
Front Axle – AWS………………………………….347
Rear Axle and Tie Rods – AWS………………348
Theory of Operation ……………………………….349
Steering System – 2WS…………………………349
Steering System – AWS…………………………350
Diagnostics ……………………………………………351
Troubleshooting……………………………………351
Tests and Adjustments …………………………..353
Toe-In Adjustment – AWS Front ……………..353
Steering Wheel Centering ……………………..353
Toe-In Adjustment – AWS Rear ………………354
Rear Wheel Alignment – AWS………………..355
Repair…………………………………………………….356
Steering Gear Removal …………………………356
Steering Gear Installation………………………360
Front Axle Removal, Disassembly, and
Inspection ……………………………………………364
Front Axle Assembly and Installation ………367
Front Wheel Spindle Lubrication …………….369
Front Axle Pivot Lubrication …………………..369
Rear Steering Pivot Lubrication – AWS ……370
Front Wheel Removal and Installation …….370
Front Wheel Bearing
Removal and Installation……………………….370
Rear Wheel Removal and Installation ……..371

ATTACHEMENTS
Specifications ………………………………………..375
Adjustment Specifications ……………………..375
Repair Specifications…………………………….375
Tools and Materials ………………………………..376
Tools…………………………………………………..376
Other Materials…………………………………….376
Component Location………………………………377
42-Inch Mower Deck …………………………….377
48-Inch Mower Deck …………………………….382
54-Inch Mower Deck …………………………….388
Diagnostics ……………………………………………395
Mower Decks Troubleshooting……………….395
Mower Drive Checks …………………………….396
Tests and Adjustments …………………………..398
Mower Level Side-To-Side …………………….398
Mower Level Front-To-Rear …………………..399
Adjusting Lift Assist Spring…………………….400
Repair…………………………………………………….400
Removing Freedom 42 Mower ……………….400
Installing Freedom 42 Mower …………………401
Removing 48 and 54 Inch Mower……………402
Installing 48 and 54 Inch Mower……………..403
Replacing Freedom 42 Mower
Timing Belt ………………………………………….405
Replacing 42 Inch Mower Drive
(Primary) Belt ……………………………………..407
Replacing 48 and 54 Inch Mower Drive
(Primary) Belt ……………………………………..408
Replacing 48 and 54 Inch Mower Deck
(Secondary) Belt…………………………………..408
Servicing Freedom 42 Mower Blades …….409
48 and 54-Inch Deck Mower Blades ……….410
42-Inch Deck Spindles ………………………….411
48-Inch Deck Spindles ………………………….414
54-Inch Deck Spindles ………………………….417
Jack Sheave………………………………………..420

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